Today the meteorologist is able to predict hurricanes and other meteorological changes. Although this prediction is not completely correct, today we are already alert due to this. But 5G networks may have difficulty identifying them as they spread. New frequencies can disrupt the workability of weather satellites.
The weather forecast has been much more accurate today than it was in the past few years. It has a large contribution of satellites around the Earth, which record and distribute a wide variety of accurate weather data. The data sent by the satellite is then created with the help of a computer to generate weather reports, a predictive model.
An important role in those data is the level of water vapor present in the atmosphere – water that evaporates and turns into steam, which becomes practically invisible. When that steam (a gas) cools, it turns into a cloud.
The better the data, the better meteorologists can predict all weather-related changes such as hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones. But if they do not have good data then those predictions can be very wrong. Because the frequency is very sensitive.
Weather satellites measure atmospheric steam, or water vapor, using passive sensors. Those sensors can detect very weak microwave signals in a spectral band between 23.6 and 24 GHz.
What are the problems with the 5G (Fifth Generation) network?
The 5G communication medium uses a new frequency range. Which will become an effective and better communication medium? But the use of large frequencies has both advantages and disadvantages.
The 5G communication medium uses a radio frequency (greater than 1 GHz-24 GHz) that is very close to the radio frequencies of meteorological satellites. The frequency range used for a good 5G communication medium would be around 24 GHz.
The range of frequency measurements of water vapor of satellites is also between 23.6 and 24 GHz, which will cause problems in collecting data by satellites. He would be confused with the frequency of the communication medium. And thus the meteorological department will face a lot of difficulties in forecasting.
Scientists say this will reduce quality by about 77%, which will push the forecasting system back considerably. As it was about 44 years ago.
What are the reactions
In an effort to reduce the risk of data disruptions, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stated that the strength of 5G transmitters would have to be limited. WMO Has proposed that cell towers operating close to weather satellite frequencies should be scheduled to transmit on devices limited to -55 dB (decibel watts) and devices limited to -51 dBW.
In an era of increasing technology and climate change, both our daily life needs (5G, Weather forecast), there is a need to find a solution, keeping in mind that there is no harm.